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Relationship among oral health status, bolus formation and food comfortability during consumption of model cheeses in elderly

Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of oral impairment on chewing behaviour, food bolus properties and food comfortability during elderly consumption of model cheeses. Seventy-two elderly persons (aged 66 to 88) was recruited and classified into two groups according to dental status (poor vs. satisfactory). They showed a wide range of salivary flow rates whatever their dental status (stimulated: 0.2-3.8 mL min-1, resting: 0.1-0.8 mL min-1). Standardized bites of four model cheeses with an identical composition but different textures (soft, hard, processed and whipped) were tested. The time and number of chewing cycles required to form a bolus were measured. The rheological properties of the bolus were studied, as was saliva moistening. Food comfortability was assessed by means of a questionnaire composed of 5 sections (1-oral comfort, 2-bolus formation, 3-pain, 4-texture and 5-flavour perception). The chewing parameters measured were not modified by the oral health. However, elderly with poor dentition formed harder boluses than elderly with satisfactory dentition. Moreover, for elderly with poor dentition, the quantity of saliva incorporated into the bolus was correlated with the stimulated salivary flow rate, which was not the case for elderly with satisfactory dentition. General oral comfort and its different attributes were poorly associated with the oral health of the elderly. A multifactorial analysis performed on an average cheese showed that food comfortability is independent of changes in the hardness and moistening of the bolus, regardless of dental status. In particular, poor dental status increases the hardness of the bolus without modifying its comfortability.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 11:06:44 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 3:48:36 AM

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Lucie Lorieau, Juliane Floury, Chantal Septier, Aurélie Laguerre, Linda Le Roux, et al.. Relationship among oral health status, bolus formation and food comfortability during consumption of model cheeses in elderly. Food and Function, Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, In press, ⟨10.1039/d1fo00767j⟩. ⟨hal-03277932⟩

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