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Lebanese Population Exposure to Trace Elements via White Bread Consumption

Nada Lebbos 1 Claude Daou 2 Rosette R. Ouaini 2 Hanna H. Chebib 2 Michel Afram 1 Pierre Curmi 3 Laurence Dujourdy 4 Elias Bou-Maroun 5 Marie-Christine Chagnon 6 
5 PCAV - Physico-Chimie de l'Aliment et du Vin
PAM - Procédés Alimentaires et Microbiologiques [Dijon]
6 Derttech Packtox
LNC - Lipides - Nutrition - Cancer (U866), AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement
Abstract : The objective of this study was to assess Lebanese population exposure to trace elements (TEs) via white pita consumption. A survey of white pita consumption was achieved among one thousand Lebanese individuals, grouped into adults (above 15 years old, men, and women) and young people (6–9 and 10–14 years old). The most consumed pita brands, labeled B1, B2, and B3, were selected. Levels of TEs (i.e., As, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Ni, and Pb) in B1, B2, B3 pitas were measured. The highest contents of TEs in pitas were: Ni (1292 µg/kg) and Co (91 µg/kg) in B1; As (400 µg/kg) and Cd (< 15 µg/kg) in B2; Cr (363 µg/kg), Pb (260 µg/kg), and Hg (0.89 µg/kg) in B3. The pita brand B3 was the source of the highest TEs exposure, except for Ni for which it was B1. Daily exposures to TEs due to the fact of pita consumption were compared to safety levels. There were no safety concerns for Hg, Cd, Cr or Co (except the 95th percentile of 6–9 years old). An excess of the Ni tolerable daily intake was observed for the most exposed populations. The very low margins of exposure for As and Pb suggest a worrying risk for the Lebanese population.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 26, 2019 - 11:06:17 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 21, 2022 - 3:52:56 AM

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Nada Lebbos, Claude Daou, Rosette R. Ouaini, Hanna H. Chebib, Michel Afram, et al.. Lebanese Population Exposure to Trace Elements via White Bread Consumption. Foods, 2019, 8 (11), pp.574. ⟨10.3390/foods8110574⟩. ⟨hal-02380322⟩



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