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Community diversity determines the evolution of synthetic bacterial communities under artificial selection

Tiffany Raynaud 1 Marion Devers-Lamrani 1 Aymé Spor 1 Manuel Blouin 1, * 
* Corresponding author
Abstract : Artificial selection can be conducted at the community level in the laboratory through a differential propagation of the communities according to their level of expression of a targeted function. Working with communities instead of individuals as selection units brings in additional sources of variation in the considered function that can influence the outcome of the artificial selection. In this study, we wanted to assess the effect of manipulating the initial community richness on artificial selection efficiency, defined as the change in the targeted function over time. We applied artificial selection for a high productivity on synthetic bacterial communities varying for their richness (from one to 16 strains). Overall, the selected communities were 16% more productive than the control communities, but a convergence of community composition might have limited the effect of diversity on artificial selection efficiency. Community richness positively influenced community productivity and metabolic capacities and was a strong determinant of the dynamics of community evolution. We propose that applying artificial selection on communities varying for their diversity could be a way to find communities differing for their level of expression of a function but also for their responsiveness to artificial selection, provided that their initial composition is different enough.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 6, 2022 - 4:06:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 15, 2022 - 3:26:52 PM

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Tiffany Raynaud, Marion Devers-Lamrani, Aymé Spor, Manuel Blouin. Community diversity determines the evolution of synthetic bacterial communities under artificial selection. Evolution - International Journal of Organic Evolution, Wiley, 2022, 76 (8), pp.1883-1895. ⟨10.1111/evo.14558⟩. ⟨hal-03770664⟩

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