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Microbial Interactions in Kombucha through the Lens of Metabolomics

Abstract : Kombucha is a fermented beverage obtained through the activity of a complex microbial community of yeasts and bacteria. Exo-metabolomes of kombucha microorganisms were analyzed using FT-ICR-MS to investigate their interactions. A simplified set of microorganisms including two yeasts (Brettanomyces bruxellensis and Hanseniaspora valbyensis) and one acetic acid bacterium (Acetobacter indonesiensis) was used to investigate yeast–yeast and yeast–acetic acid bacterium interactions. A yeast–yeast interaction was characterized by the release and consumption of fatty acids and peptides, possibly in relationship to commensalism. A yeast–acetic acid bacterium interaction was different depending on yeast species. With B. bruxellensis, fatty acids and peptides were mainly produced along with consumption of sucrose, fatty acids and polysaccharides. In opposition, the presence of H. valbyensis induced mainly the decrease of polyphenols, peptides, fatty acids, phenolic acids and putative isopropyl malate and phenylpyruvate and few formulae have been produced. With all three microorganisms, the formulae involved with the yeast–yeast interactions were consumed or not produced in the presence of A. indonesiensis. The impact of the yeasts’ presence on A. indonesiensis was consistent regardless of the yeast species with a commensal consumption of compounds associated to the acetic acid bacterium by yeasts. In detail, hydroxystearate from yeasts and dehydroquinate from A. indonesiensis were potentially consumed in all cases of yeast(s)–acetic acid bacterium pairing, highlighting mutualistic behavior.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 11:09:38 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:05:12 PM

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Thierry Tran, Chloé Roullier-Gall, François Verdier, Antoine Martin, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, et al.. Microbial Interactions in Kombucha through the Lens of Metabolomics. Metabolites, MDPI, 2022, 12 (3), pp.235. ⟨10.3390/metabo12030235⟩. ⟨hal-03641242⟩

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