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Weeds harbor an impressive diversity of fungi, which offers possibilities for biocontrol

Abstract : The use of herbicides for weed control is very common, but some of them represent a threat to human health, are environmentally detrimental and stimulate herbicide resistance. Therefore, using microorganisms as natural herbicides appears as a promising alternative. The mycoflorae colonizing different species of symptomatic and asymptomatic weeds were compared to characterize the possible mycoherbicidal candidates associated with symptomatic weeds. A collection of 475 symptomatic and asymptomatic plants belonging to 23 weed species was established. A metabarcoding approach based on amplification of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region combined with high-throughput amplicon sequencing revealed the diversity of fungal communities hosted by these weeds: 542 fungal genera were identified. The variability of the composition of fungal communities revealed a dispersed distribution of taxa governed neither by geographical location nor by the botanical species, suggesting a common core displaying non-specific interactions with host plants. Beyond this core, specific taxa were more particularly associated with symptomatic plants. Some of these, such as Alternaria, Blumeria, Cercospora, Puccinia, are known pathogens, while others such as Sphaerellopsis, Vishniacozyma and Filobasidium are not, at least on crops, and constitute new tracks to be followed in the search for mycoherbicidal candidates. IMPORTANCE: This approach is original because the diversity of weed-colonizing fungi has rarely been studied before. Furthermore, targeting both the ITS1 and ITS2 regions to characterize the fungal communities i) highlighted the complementarity of these two regions, ii) revealed a great diversity of weed-colonizing fungi, and iii) allowed for the identification of potential mycoherbicides, among which unexpected genera.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 7, 2022 - 8:56:38 AM
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Marion Triolet, Veronique Edel Hermann, Nadine Gautheron, Samuel Mondy, Carole Reibel, et al.. Weeds harbor an impressive diversity of fungi, which offers possibilities for biocontrol. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2022, pp.0217721. ⟨10.1128/aem.02177-21⟩. ⟨hal-03559560⟩



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