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Validation of a new method for monitoring trace elements in Mediterranean cereal soils

Abstract : In the Mediterranean region, agricultural soils are seriously polluted with toxic trace elements (TEs) which could enter the food chain via the soil-plant trophic chain. For food safety reasons, the monitoring of TE concentrations in these agricultural soils is thus imperative. The most powerful monitoring method for TE measurements is based on perchloric acid (HClO4) and hydrofluoric acid (HF) digestion, commonly used as reference total digestion (RTD) method, with consequent use of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Unfortunately, HF and HClO4 manipulations are highly dangerous and ICP-OES and ICP-MS apparatus are very expensive, thus they are unaffordable, notably in developing countries. In this paper, an alternative, microwave sulphuric digestion (MSD) method, combined with atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is proposed. First, the suggested method was validated on a soil certified reference material, for the determination of 7 TEs (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni and Pb). Second, the MSD method was applied on agricultural soil samples situated in the Bekaa valley, East Lebanon and results were compared to those of RTD method. The MSD method, coupled to AAS, offers a promising and feasible alternative to HF, as well as, aqua regia based methods.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:13:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:49:55 AM

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Nada Lebbos, Catherine Keller, Laurence Dujourdy, Michel Afram, Pierre Curmi, et al.. Validation of a new method for monitoring trace elements in Mediterranean cereal soils. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Taylor & Francis, 2021, pp.1-17. ⟨10.1080/03067319.2021.1953000⟩. ⟨hal-03337034⟩

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