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Soil microbes drive the effect of plant species and genotypic diversity interaction on productivity.

Abstract : Purpose The effect of plant species and genotypic diversity on productivity has been well documented but little is known about the contribution of the interaction between species and genotypic diversity. Since the influence of soil microorganisms on the plant diversity-productivity relationship is increasingly recognized, we investigated potential interactions between plant species diversity, plant genotypic diversity and soil microbes. We hypothesized that the non-additive effects of plant species and genotypic diversity on productivity could be microbe-driven. Methods We set up pea and wheat monocultures and mixtures in a growth chamber, varying for their levels of genotypic diversity under three different soil microbial contexts. We assessed plant shoot and root biomass production, soil mineral nitrogen content and described the soil bacterial communities. Results We found that shoot biomass in mixtures involving both species and genotypic diversity was higher than expected considering the additive effects of plant species diversity and genotypic diversity. Rather than a synergy between two positive effects of species and genotypic diversity, we observed that species mixture compensated the negative effect of genotypic diversity. Regarding microbial influence, we found that the effect of plant species diversity, plant genotypic diversity and their interaction on productivity were all driven by the soil microbial community as no effect was observed in a pre-sterilised soil. Conclusion Our study suggests that the plant diversity-productivity relationship could be shaped by a three-way interaction between plant species diversity, plant genotypic diversity and soil microbes. Thus, plant-microbe and plant-plant interactions could be a determinant of the plant diversity-productivity relationship.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 23, 2021 - 1:40:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 24, 2021 - 3:31:55 AM

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Tiffany Raynaud, Barbara Pivato, Mathieu Siol, Aymé Spor, Manuel Blouin. Soil microbes drive the effect of plant species and genotypic diversity interaction on productivity.. Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s11104-021-05071-z⟩. ⟨hal-03324221⟩

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