Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Intra-Abdominal Lipopolysaccharide Clearance and Inactivation in Peritonitis: Key Roles for Lipoproteins and the Phospholipid Transfer Protein

Abstract : Introduction During peritonitis, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) cross the peritoneum and pass through the liver before reaching the central compartment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of lipoproteins and phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) in the early stages of LPS detoxification. Material and Methods Peritonitis was induced by intra-peritoneal injection of LPS in mice. We analyzed peritoneal fluid, portal and central blood. Lipoprotein fractions were obtained by ultracentrifugation and fast protein liquid chromatography. LPS concentration and activity were measured by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and limulus amoebocyte lysate. Wild-type mice were compared to mice knocked out for PLTP. Results In mice expressing PLTP, LPS was able to bind to HDL in the peritoneal compartment, and this was maintained in plasma from portal and central blood. A hepatic first-pass effect of HDL-bound LPS was observed in wild-type mice. LPS binding to HDL resulted in an early arrival of inactive LPS in the central blood of wild-type mice. Conclusion PLTP promotes LPS peritoneal clearance and neutralization in a model of peritonitis. This mechanism involves the early binding of LPS to lipoproteins inside the peritoneal cavity, which promotes LPS translocation through the peritoneum and its uptake by the liver.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-agrosup-dijon.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03247589
Contributor : Admin Agrosupdijon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 10:49:02 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 4:07:41 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Maxime Nguyen, Gaëtan Pallot, Antoine Jalil, Annabelle Tavernier, Aloïs Dusuel, et al.. Intra-Abdominal Lipopolysaccharide Clearance and Inactivation in Peritonitis: Key Roles for Lipoproteins and the Phospholipid Transfer Protein. Frontiers in Immunology, Frontiers, 2021, 12, pp.622935. ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2021.622935⟩. ⟨hal-03247589⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

48