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Dynamic modelling for a twin screw food extruder: Analysis of the dynamic behaviour through process variables

Nathalie Cayot 1 Bounie D 1 H. Baussart 1
1 Laboratoire de Biochimie Alimentaire
ENESAD - Etablissement National d'Enseignement Supérieur Agronomique de Dijon
Abstract : Food extrusion processes are multiple input, multiple output complex systems. In this paper, the extrusion cooker is simplified into a single input, single output dynamic system, even though multi-input tests have also been performed. Its dynamic characteristics are obtained with step tests on different operating variables: feed rate, moisture content and screw speed. The response is monitored on the following outputs: melt pressure, melt temperature and specific mechanical energy. The results show the following: — the behaviour of the extruder generally verifies the conditions of the BIBO (Bounded Input, Bounded Output) stability, — the process can be considered to be stationary and non-linear. The non-linearity of the system is highlighted by: — the variability of the steady state grain as a function of step magnitude, — the lack of superimposition of the gains when performing multi-input tests. The study of the transient behaviour shows that the systems exhibit a non-separable non-linearity. The observed dynamic characteristics are rising problems that must be taken into account in designing control systems for food extrusion.
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Nathalie Cayot, Bounie D, H. Baussart. Dynamic modelling for a twin screw food extruder: Analysis of the dynamic behaviour through process variables. Journal of Food Engineering, Elsevier, 1995, 25 (2), pp.245-260. ⟨10.1016/0260-8774(94)00028-8⟩. ⟨hal-03007955⟩



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