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Controlled loading and release of beta-lactoglobulin in calcium-polygalacturonate hydrogels

Abstract : We show here how the structure of polygalacturonate (polyGalA) hydrogels cross-linked by Ca2+ cations via external gelation controls the loading and the release rate of betalactoglobulin (BLG), a globular protein. Hydrogels prepared from a polyGalA/BLG solution are found similar to those obtained from a polyGalA solution in our previous study (Maire du Poset, et al. Biomacromolecules 2019, 20(7), 2864-2872): they exhibit similar transparencies and gradients of mechanical properties and polyGalA concentration. The nominal BLG/polyGalA ratio of the mixtures is almost recovered within the whole mixed hydrogel despite such strong concentration gradients, except in the part of hydrogels with the largest mesh size, where more BLG proteins are present. This gradient enables to tune the amount of protein loaded within the hydrogel. At local scale, the proteins are distributed evenly within the hydrogel network, as shown by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The release of proteins from hydrogels is driven by Fickian diffusion and the release rate increases with the mesh size of the network, with a characteristic time of a few hours. The specific structure of these polysaccharide-based hydrogels allows to control both the dosage and the release rate of the loaded protein and make them good candidates for use as oral controlled delivery systems.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 11:55:18 AM
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Aline Maire Du Poset, Mikaela Börjesson, Céline Rameau, Claire Madeleine-Perdrillat, Adrien Lerbret, et al.. Controlled loading and release of beta-lactoglobulin in calcium-polygalacturonate hydrogels. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2020, 21 (4), pp.1417-1426. ⟨10.1021/acs.biomac.9b01722⟩. ⟨hal-02499464⟩



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