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β-lactoglobulin under high pressure studied by small-angle neutron scattering

Abstract : We used small-angle neutron scattering to study the effects of the high hydrostatic pressure on the structure of β-lactoglobulin. Experiments were carried out at pH 7 on the dimeric form of the protein in a pressure range going from 50 MPa to 300 MPa. These measurements allow the protein size and the interactions between macromolecules to be studied during the application of pressure. Increasing pressure up to 150 MPa leads to a swollen state of the protein that gives rise to an increase of the radius of gyration by about 7%. Within this pressure range, we also show that the interaction between macromolecules weakens although it remains repulsive. The measurements show an aggregation process occurring above 150 MPa. From the spectra analysis, it appears that the aggregation occurs mainly by association of the dimeric units.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 4:14:28 PM
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Camille Loupiac, M. Bonetti, Serge Pin, P. Calmettes. β-lactoglobulin under high pressure studied by small-angle neutron scattering. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Proteins and Proteomics, Elsevier, 2006, 1764 (2), pp.211-216. ⟨10.1016/j.bbapap.2005.10.012⟩. ⟨hal-02379359⟩

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