Effect of Plasticizers (Water and Glycerol) on the Diffusion of a Small Molecule in Iota-Carrageenan Biopolymer Films for Edible Coating Application

Abstract : Translational diffusion of a fluorescein probe has been measured in iota-carrageenan edible films containing different amounts of glycerol (0, 15, 30, and 45%), using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) experiments. The effects of this plasticizer as well as the plasticizing effect of water on the diffusion of fluorescein have been studied in this edible coating mainly composed of natural biopolymer. Diffusion coefficients of about 10(-13) m2 s(-1) have been measured in these films for water activity (aw) lower than 0.7. Above this water content threshold, fluorescein translational diffusion coefficient increases up to 10(-12) m2 s(-1). Another interesting information obtained from FRAP experiments on this system is the ratio of the diffusing molecules which are immobilized in the carrageenan matrix at aw lower than 0.98. Moreover, films containing more than 30% glycerol (w/w carrageenan) present a huge increase of the diffusion coefficient of fluorescein at high water activity (about 2 orders of magnitude), this effect being less pronounced at low water activity. The increase of diffusion seems to be only related to the water content, and glycerol only acts through the enhancement of water adsorption. Therefore, in biopolymer films containing polyol plasticizers, the gain in mobility could be devoted to the effect of the ubiquitous plasticizing molecule, water, whose adsorption is increased by the plasticizer.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 2, 2019 - 9:08:13 AM
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Thomas Karbowiak, Hubert Hervet, Liliane Léger, Dominique Champion, Frédéric Debeaufort, et al.. Effect of Plasticizers (Water and Glycerol) on the Diffusion of a Small Molecule in Iota-Carrageenan Biopolymer Films for Edible Coating Application. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2006, 7 (6), pp.2011-2019. ⟨10.1021/bm060179r⟩. ⟨hal-02303126⟩

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