Toxicity of fatty acid hydroperoxides towards Yarrowia lipolytica: Implication of their membrane fluidizing action

Abstract : Linoleic acid hydroperoxide (HPOD), substrate of hydroperoxide lyase, an enzyme of the lipoxygenase pathway, can be transformed into many aromatic compounds, the so-called “green notes”. The presence of linoleic acid hydroperoxide in the culture medium of Yarrowia lipolytica, the yeast expressing the cloned hydroperoxide lyase of green bell pepper, undoubtedly exerted an inhibition on the growth and a toxic effect with 90% of yeast cells died after 120 min of exposition in 100 mM HPOD solution. The increase in cell membrane fluidity evaluated by measuring fluorescence generalized polarization with the increasing concentration of HPOD in the medium confirmed the fluidizing action of HPOD on yeast membrane. In addition, we determined by infrared spectroscopy measurement that this compound rapidly diffused into model phospholipids [1, 2-Dimyristoyl-D54-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphocholine (DMPC-D54)] bilayer, modifying their general physical state and their phase transition. In the presence of various concentrations of HPOD, the phase transition of DMPC-D54 occurred with an increase of both the corresponding wave number shift and the temperature range but the phase transition temperature was not modified. These results show that the toxic effects of HPOD on the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica may be initially linked to a strong interaction of this compound with the cell membrane phospholipids and components.
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Hoa Tran Thanh, Laurent Beney, Hélène Simonin, Thi Xuan Sam Nguyen, Patrick Gervais, et al.. Toxicity of fatty acid hydroperoxides towards Yarrowia lipolytica: Implication of their membrane fluidizing action. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta:Biomembranes, Elsevier, 2007, 1768 (9), pp.2256-2262. ⟨10.1016/j.bbamem.2007.05.016⟩. ⟨hal-02294049⟩

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