Effects of food texture change on metabolic parameters: short- and long-term feeding patterns and body weight

Abstract : A complete diet was prepared with cooked pieces of meat, beans, cream starch, and water and presented to the rats in two different textures: a blended pure´e and a rough mixture that required a lot of chewing. We hypothesized that this texture modification might change both anticipatory reflexes and feeding behavior. Feeding rate, meal size, intermeal intervals, and their correlation were monitored in response to each texture. The long-term (6 wk) effect on body weight was assessed. Periprandial plasma glucose, insulin, glucagon, and lipid concentrations were assayed. Whole and background metabolism, respiratory quotient, and locomotion were measured using a computerized calorimeter of original design. In the short term, rats preferred the mixture. However, after 3 wk, they ingested more pure´e than mixture and gained more body weight per gram of food ingested as pure´e. Insulin response declined earlier with the mixture. During meals, glycerol and free fatty acid increased earlier with pure´e, whereas in the postprandial period, glycerol increased earlier with mixture. The metabolic rate, however, was not significantly affected. We concluded that texture, an everyday manipulation performed on food for human consumption, affects not only palatability of ingestants but also
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 10:22:12 AM
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Hélène Labouré, Sandrine Saux, Stylianos Nicolaidis. Effects of food texture change on metabolic parameters: short- and long-term feeding patterns and body weight. AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2000, pp.R780-R789. ⟨hal-02146601⟩

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