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Biogeography of Soil Bacterial Networks along a Gradient of Cropping Intensity

Abstract : Although land use drives soil bacterial diversity and community structure, little information about the bacterial interaction networks is available. Here, we investigated bacterial co-occurrence networks in soils under different types of land use (forests, grasslands, crops and vineyards) by sampling 1798 sites in the French Soil Quality Monitoring Network covering all of France. An increase in bacterial richness was observed from forests to vineyards, whereas network complexity respectively decreased from 16,430 links to 2,046. However, the ratio of positive to negative links within the bacterial networks ranged from 2.9 in forests to 5.5 in vineyards. Networks structure was centered on the most connected genera (called hub), which belonged to Bacteroidetes in forest and grassland soils, but to Actinobacteria in vineyard soils. Overall, our study revealed that soil perturbation due to intensive cropping reduces strongly the complexity of bacterial network although the richness is increased. Moreover, the hub genera within the bacterial community shifted from copiotrophic taxa in forest soils to more oligotrophic taxa in agricultural soils.
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Battle Karimi, Samuel S. Dequiedt, Sébastien Terrat, Claudy C. Jolivet, Dominique D. Arrouays, et al.. Biogeography of Soil Bacterial Networks along a Gradient of Cropping Intensity. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-40422-y⟩. ⟨hal-02093081⟩



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