Ecology of Listeria monocytogenes in soil: effect of the biotic environment on survival and transcriptome reshaping

Abstract : Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterium found in many habitats such as soil, plants, animals, foodstuff and food processing facilities. Circulation between habitats is a source of its transmission to food and eventually to the consumer. Contaminated foodstuff is indeed the vector of listeriosis, a lifethreatening disease mainly to immunocompromised people and pregnant women. One of the intriguing facets of Listeria monocytogenes is its ability to adapt its physiology to complex, heterogeneous habitats. With its complex chemistry, texture, dense microbiota and overall biotic fraction, soil is a nice example of such heterogeneous habitat. Persistence in many habitats suggests that L. monocytogenes is able to integrate a range of environmental cues in the circuitry of regulation of transcription. Objectives This study aimed at assessing in one hand extrinsic factors that shape the fate of L. monocytogenes in soil, and in the other hand the response of L. monocytogenes to the biotic environment found in soil. Methods The response of L. monocytogenes EGD-e to the biotic fraction of soil was investigated in irradiated and untreated microcosms through a combination of transcriptomic approaches and population dynamics. Conclusions The fate of L. monocytogenes is dependent on both abiotic and biotic characteristics and the latter have a major impact on the dynamics of the populations of L. monocytogenes in soil. Major transcriptome reshaping was observed where L. monocytogenes recruits its repertoire of transporters and specific pathways to access and utilise the available substrates. The biotic environment further affects transcriptome and triggers further regulation.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-agrosup-dijon.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01999070
Contributor : Administrateur Agrosupdijon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 8:47:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 1:20:43 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01999070, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 421845

Citation

Laurent Gal, Angela Rocio Ortiz Camargo, Dominique Garmyn, Pascal Piveteau. Ecology of Listeria monocytogenes in soil: effect of the biotic environment on survival and transcriptome reshaping. FEMS 2017, 7th Congress of European Microbiologists, Jul 2017, Valence, Spain. pp.902, Environmental Microbiology/Microbial Ecology /Microbial Communities - Part III. ⟨hal-01999070⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

17