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Intestinal Lipid Esterification and Aging in Mice and Rats

Abstract : The effects of aging on lipid absorption, particularly on fatty acid glycerophospholipid and triacylglycerol esterification, were investigated in 2.5-,12- and 24-month-old mice and rats. Two intestinal mucosa microsomal enzymes, involved in the dietary fatty acid absorption, were assayed:acylCoA:2-monoacylglycerol acyltransferase and acylCoA:1-lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase. In both mice and rats, the activities of both enzymes varied with the nature of the acyl-CoA. Indeed acylCoa:2-monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activities were significantly higher with oleoyl-CoA and linoleoyl-CoA than with palmitoyl-CoA and arachidonoyl-CoA, while acylCoA:1-lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase activities were highest with arachidonoyl-CoA. AcylCoA:2-monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activity did not decrease significantly with aging in mice or rats, whatever the acyl-CoA used. In contrast, acylCoA:1-lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase activity in the 24-month-old rats was significantly lower (−47 %) than in 2.5-month-old rats, with oleoyl-CoA, linoleoyl-CoA and arachidonoyl-CoA. Simultaneously we observed that less glycerophospholipid esterification of oleic and linoleic acid occurs in older rats than in 2.5-month-old rats.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 9, 2018 - 11:45:59 AM
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Hélène Poirier, Y Mathieu, Philippe Besnard, A. Bernard. Intestinal Lipid Esterification and Aging in Mice and Rats. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, 1997, 116 (3), pp.253 - 260. ⟨10.1016/S0300-9629(96)00212-5⟩. ⟨hal-01917257⟩



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