Mating system adaptation in populations of Centaurea cyanus L.

Abstract : Since the 50s, the agriculture intensification in Western Europe resulted in landscape homogenization and reduction of habitat connectivity, which in turn caused a widespread decline of farmland biological diversity. Centaurea cyanus is one of the declining “segetal species”. It is an annual and insect-pollinated species with a self-incompatibility system. When the populations are small and fragmented, they may extinct if the incompatibility system cannot evolve towards a compatibility system. A coexistence of mixed mating system is also possible in a population. In our study, we examined the ability of C. cyanus to produce seeds by autogamy. For this purpose, three conditions were tested: 1) two plants in a cage with flies as pollinators to allow outcrossing; 2) one plant by cage with flies as pollinators to force free self fertilization; and 3) one capitulum bagged by cage without flies to force self fertilization. The results confirmed that C. cyanus is an insect-pollinated species that cannot produce seeds without pollinators. In most of the plants flower fertilization was less than 1% under free self fertilization while some plants produced more than 6% of seeds. Crossing by flies yielded 26% of fertilized flowers. Therefore, a low frequency of plants seemed to be partially self-compatible. It could be an advantage for the conservation of small populations, but it could change the genetic structure of the populations and modify their biology.
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 13, 2018 - 2:10:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01873576, version 1

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Solène Bellanger, Jean-Philippe Guillemin, Henri Darmency. Mating system adaptation in populations of Centaurea cyanus L.. 4rd Workshop of the EWRS working group: Weeds and Biodiversity, AgroSup Dijon, France; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France, Feb 2010, Dijon, France. ⟨hal-01873576⟩

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