Influence of the protein distribution of maize endosperm on ruminal starch degradability

Abstract : This study was aimed at determining the influence of the protein distribution of maize endosperm on ruminal starch degradation using 14 maizes differing in endosperm texture (eight dent and six flint maizes). Ruminal starch degradability was determined by an in situ technique on ground samples with a particle size of 3 mm. The distribution of endosperm proteins was assayed by a method based on their differential solubilities in solvents. The (,β,δ)-zeins and the true glutelins were the predominant proteins in the endosperm. The (,β,δ)-zeins (66.1 and 70.1 g kg−1 of recovered protein for dent and flint types respectively) and the true glutelins (21.8 and 18.4 g kg−1 of recovered protein for dent and flint types respectively) were related to the vitreousness, ie the ratio of vitreous to floury endosperm. Ruminal starch degradability averaged 619 and 462 g kg−1 for dent and flint maizes respectively. It was correlated negatively with the (,β,δ)-zeins and positively with the true glutelins. The (,β,δ)-zeins located in the protein bodies should limit the accessibility of starch granules to ruminal micro-organisms and, as a consequence, the ruminal starch degradability.
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Christelle Philippeau, Jacques Landry, Brigitte Michalet-Doreau. Influence of the protein distribution of maize endosperm on ruminal starch degradability. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Wiley, 2000, 80 (3), pp.404 - 408. ⟨10.1002/1097-0010(200002)80:3<404::AID-JSFA541>3.0.CO;2-Z⟩. ⟨hal-01834447⟩

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