Pesticide fate modeling in soils with the crop model STICS: Feasibility for assessment of agricultural practices

Abstract : Numerous pesticide fate models are available, but few of them are able to take into account specific agricultural practices, such as catch crop, mixing crops or tillage in their predictions. In order to better integrate crop management and crop growth in the simulation of diffuse agricultural pollutions, and to manage both pesticide and nitrogen pollution, a pesticide fate module was implemented in the crop model STICS. The objectives of the study were: (i) to implement a pesticide fate module in the crop model STICS; (ii) to evaluate the model performance using experimental data from three sites with different pedoclimatic contexts, one in The Netherlands and two in northern France; (iii) to compare the simulations with several pesticide fate models; and (iv) to test the impact of specific agricultural practices on the transfer of the dissolved fraction of pesticides. The evaluations were carried out with three herbicides: bentazone, isoproturon, and atrazine. The strategy applied in this study relies on a noncalibration approach and sensitivity test to assess the operating limits of the model. To this end, the evaluation was performed with default values found in the literature and completed by sensitivity tests. The extended version of the STICS named STICS-Pest, shows similar results with other pesticide fate models widely used in the literature. Moreover, STICS-Pest was able to estimate realistic crop growth and catch crop dynamic, which thus illustrate agricultural practices leading to a reduction of nitrate and a change in pesticide leaching.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 4, 2018 - 2:14:29 PM
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Wilfried Queyrel, Florence Habets, Hélène Blanchoud, Dominique Ripoche, Marie Launay. Pesticide fate modeling in soils with the crop model STICS: Feasibility for assessment of agricultural practices. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2016, 542, pp. 787 - 802. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.10.066⟩. ⟨hal-01785577⟩

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